I will continue with where I left off. I already talked about faith as assensus or assent. Now I will move on to the "heart" faith types. Heart in this context is the level deeper than thinking, perhaps even deeper than emotions, but containing emotions as well. It is our deep level of self that guides what we do.
The first kind of heart faith is faith as fiducia or faith as trust. It is not trusting that a set of facts are true. It is the kind of trust I share with Kevin. I have no doubt that when he says he's working late he is. I have no proof. When I call him on his cell he could potentially be anywhere. I would have no way of proving he is at his desk, but he says he is and I trust that. I can't imagine what it would be like to loose this. The opposite of this kind of faith is being anxious. I certainly would be anxious about what Kevin was doing if I didn't trust him.
How does this kind of faith relate to God? This is certainly a very relational faith. I need to trust God, trust in the promises God made. Trust that God has given me gifts and sees something in me that sometimes I struggle with seeing myself. Trust that I am saved by Grace and I don't need to worry about understanding it exactly. Trust that the essence of God is Life and Love. Trust that Christ did bring a new light into the world. If the opposite of this faith is being anxious the positive is relaxing. Relaxing in the knowledge that we are loved can certainly be difficult, but the promise after the cross is there is the resurrection. New life can come from present difficulties or pain. This kind of faith is transforming.
One final comment on faith as trust. When I was little I would go sledding with my older brother. Sometimes we would both go on the sled together. I would lay down on top of him holding on to his shoulders as we went head first down the hill. He enjoyed steering us off the main road and into the bumpy part where the trees were. I remember being scared, but then relaxing knowing that he was in control and wouldn't let us hit a tree. In order to enjoy the ride I had to put my trust in him and just relax. There wasn't a thing I could do anyway as we went flying past the trees inches (probably feet) away from danger.
The next kind of heart faith is faith as fidelitas or faith as being faithful. This kind of faith is about my relationship with God and being faithful to it. It is about being attentive. Again, this kind of faith is relational. God speaks to us in a variety of ways, and when I am not attentive to the relationship it is hard to hear what is being said. Perhaps this is why I feel directionless at times? This faith is what is being talked about in the third commandment when we are to remember the Sabbath and keep it holy. Luther's meaning of this includes not neglecting God's Word or the preaching of it. When the bible speaks about an idolatrous nation, it is talking about a nation that has neglected its relationship with God.
Finally, the last kind of heart faith is faith as visio or faith as a way of seeing. How do I see the world? Is it hostile and out to get me? Do I see it as indifferent? Both of these ways can lead us to having a suspicious attitude. I couldn't help but think about people driving big SUV and living with multiple locks on their house to protect themselves and family from all the perceived danger. We live in a dangerous, scary world after all. Or do we really? It is really unlikely that anything will happen to me when I leave my apartment today. It is also really unlikely that as I sit and type that someone will try to break in. Despite what the news tells us, we are safe. Sure occasionally something happens, but is it really worth it to have a negative world view because of something that might happen that is statistically incredibly unlikely?
This kind of faith goes beyond our personal safety concern issues. How do we view other people? How do we view the world as a whole? If I believe that each person I see or even those I never meet are created by the same loving God that created me or even that are just as valuable then my feeling and actions toward them are certainly influenced. We learn from the story of the Good Samaritan that we are all neighbors, and treating others this way is how the Kingdom of God is and will be.
In summary, faith is about what we believe, but it is also about trust, being attentive to our relationship with God, and how we view the world.